#Metoo, Iceland and educational interventions: Multifaceted responses to gender-based violence

Háskóli Íslands

#Metoo, Iceland and educational interventions: Multifaceted responses to gender-based violence

2. október kl. 13:45 til 15:15 – Smelltu til að taka þátt á ZOOM!

RannKyn – Rannís Immigrant women’s experiences of violence

Málstofustjóri: Brynja Halldórsdóttir

The implementation of Article 20 of Istanbul Convention in the #metoo era: The services available to immigrant women in Iceland

Telma Velez, student, sjálfstætt starfandi rannsakandi, Randi Stebbins and Brynja Halldórsdóttir, lector, SE, UI

In 2011, the Council of Europe published the Istanbul Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence. As a signatory, Iceland agreed to secure the rights of victims of gender-based violence without any discrimination. According to Article 20 of the Convention necessary measures should be taken to ensure that victims have access to relevant and needed services that facilitate their recovery. Services provided should include access to health care, social services, legal and psychological counselling, financial assistance, housing, education, training and assistance in finding employment. For these services to be effective providers need to have adequate resources and training to assist the victims or be able to refer them to appropriate services. The narratives published in January 2018 at the height of the #metoo movement in Iceland revealed that immigrant women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are not provided with adequate services in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention. The narratives detail physical and sexual violence, and psychological aggression, also exposed how violence intersects with race/ethnicity, which indicate potential structural and systemic issues within Icelandic society. Using an intersectional lens, our talk analyses the content of 14 narratives and five stakeholder interviews with service providers. Results indicate that services available to immigrant women fail to accommodate their needs in a culturally significant way. The goal of the presentation is to better understand how service providers can be supported through developing culturally responsive educational tools when working with women who experience intimate partner violence.

Power dynamics and internalized oppression: Immigrant women and intimate partner violence in Iceland

Flora Tietgen, PhD student, SE, UI, Jón Ingvar Kjaran, associate professor, SE, UI and Brynja Halldórsdóttir, assistant professor, SE, UI

At the height of #metoo in January 2018, immigrant women in Iceland shared their experiences of abuse and violence in intimate partnerships (IPV). These stories revealed underlying factors regarding their experiences of institutionalized and epistemic violence as related to the women’s backgrounds and responses of governmental institutions and service providers. Research on the intersection of IPV and immigrant status in Iceland is limited, though do data indicate that a disproportionate number of immigrant women seek help at the women’s shelter compared to their Icelandic peers. This talk analyzes the diverse patterns of violence, the underlying power structures, and the various modes of oppression evident in the immigrant women’s narratives. By conducting a poststructuralist feminist discourse analysis of 14 of the #metoo narratives concerning IPV experiences of immigrant women in Iceland we use an intersectional lens the results highlight the “vulnerable” position immigrant women in Iceland occupy. Drawing on the women’s narratives, the talk answers the following research questions: How is violence constructed within the #metoo narratives of immigrant women in Iceland? How do internalized and externalized power dynamics constitute this violence? In order to raise awareness of the challenges immigrant women face, these power structures often invisible must be made visible. Our results lay the groundwork for future in-depth research on how systemic and institutional violence is reproduced when working with immigrant women who experienced IPV and allow us to begin constructing educational responses.

The role of critical education in shifting paradigms that perpetuate violence against immigrant women in Iceland

Linda Rós Eðvarðsdóttir, PhD student, SE, UI, Marie Carlson, professor and Brynja Halldórsdóttir, assistant professor, SE, UI

Immigrants’ legal status and ongoing discourse around violence against immigrant women in Iceland and globally emphasize the heightened vulnerability of immigrant women experiencing employment-based violence (EBV). In 2018, immigrant women in Iceland made public their experiences of institutional abuse, both in terms of infringement of their worker rights, as well as overt sexual violence in the workplace. Their stories emphasize how intersecting factors compound the violence they experience; and that institutions combined with weak legislation fail to provide adequate information regarding immigrant women’s legal rights, as well as in redress when their rights are violated. Recent governmental reports indicate that institutional culture in Iceland is shaped by hidden structures of white supremacy, meaning it rewards whiteness and marginalizes people and their cultures that are perceived as other. This especially for people who arrive from outside the EU and people of color. Centering the immigrant women´s published narratives, this presentation identifies and problematizes institutional culture in Iceland and the role legislation plays in safeguarding immigrant women from EBV. The larger research design pivots the experiences of immigrant women in Iceland, using the framework of critical theory to ensure their agentic participation in the development of tools and to inform policy making. The discussion is framed specifically within the context of critical education, emphasizing critical reflection, and securing that the voices of marginalized groups lead all efforts in creating equitable working conditions.

The good, the bad and the ugly: Norms and Binaries of fathering discourses in the Icelandic mass media

Rannveig Ágústa Guðjónsdóttir, PhD student, SE, UI and Guðrún Kristinsdóttir, professor emeritus, SE, UI. Supervisor: Jón Ingvar Kjaran, associate professor, SE, UI

There have been noticeable binaries in discourses around fathering, most visible in a common reference to the new, involved, or gender equal father in the media and within the academic discussion. Scholars have however pointed out that discourses and men’s experiences are mixed and complex and cannot solely be separated into binaries of old or new, involved or distant/absent, or gender equal or traditional. This talk is a contribution to the theoretical discussion around fathering discourses in a Nordic context. By using critical discourse analysis on the fathering discourses in Icelandic mass media from 2008–2018, we identified norms and binaries in the interwoven discourses around fathering. The discourse around good fathers seems to be dominating in the Icelandic mass media, interwoven, and affected by other cultural discourses. By exploring the fathering discourses in the media, we can gain a deeper understanding of the gender norms that construct our identities and behavior. We suggest that studying discourses of fathering can give insight into the power structures of the society they are shaped by and what we need to pay attention to when it comes to (parenthood and) the struggle for increased equality.