Kona verður til! Mótun kvenleikans í gegnum móðurhlutverkið og samskipti við valdastofnanir samfélagsins

Háskóli Íslands

Kona verður til! Mótun kvenleikans í gegnum móðurhlutverkið og samskipti við valdastofnanir samfélagsins

1. október kl. 15:30 til 17:00 – Smelltu til að taka þátt á ZOOM!

RannMennt og RannKyn

Annadís G. Rúdólfsdóttir

“What a Shame! The Childfree Choice and Regretting Motherhood”

Margaret Anne Johnson, PhD student, SSS, UI and Gyða Margrét Pétursdóttir, associate professor, SSS, UI

A woman’s choice to remain childfree is often met with disapproving comments such as: “What is wrong with you? Who will look after you when you are old? Did you have a difficult childhood?  You’ll regret your choice later“; to name but a few. This presentation focuses on how these and similar responses act as powerful shaming gambits that promote and maintain a society where motherhood is echoed as the preferred choice for women. A feminist perspective is employed to critically analyse the discourse of 25 qualitative interviews from women in Iceland who are either childless by choice, or regret motherhood. We argue that the childfree choice goes against the doxa of motherhood and that negative comments towards women who choose to remain childfree serve to perpetuate reproduction as a powerful form of social capital. Moreover, the comments act as shaming mechanisms that encumber women to adhere to sociocultural stereotypes and become mothers or face regret, yet simultaneously condemning women who regret motherhood. As an act of personal agency, women who choose to remain childfree thwart utterances from typical responses by inverting pronatalist discourses and their inherent shaming tactics. Conversely, women who regret their choice to become mothers struggle to express their feelings for fear of being shamed.

“We at least say we are equal”: Gender equality and class in healthcare professionals discursive framing of migrant mothers

Sunna Símonardóttir, post-doctoral researcher, SSS, UI, Annadís G Rúdólfsdóttir, associate professor, SE, UI and Helga Gottfreðsdóttir, professor, SHS, UI

In the past few decades, the demography of Iceland has become increasingly diverse with an immigrant population similar to that of the other Nordic countries. Women comprise almost half of all international migrants and many of those female migrants require maternity care in their host countries. While some literature describes how migrant women experience the healthcare provisions of their host countries, less is known about the experience of providing the service, from the perspective of the healthcare practitioners. In this study we adopt a social constructionist perspective to explore the discourses of knowledge healthcare professionals in Iceland draw on, in their discussion of prenatal and postpartum healthcare in Iceland. Interviews were conducted with 16 healthcare professionals with extensive experience of providing maternity care to migrant women to understand how they construct and make sense of the needs and behaviour of migrant women seeking maternity care. Our findings suggest that some healthcare professionals subject migrant women to normative professional discourses of parenting, without considering how those ideals are tailored to white, middle class women. Migrant mothers and pregnant women are thus excluded from the middle-class mothering norms that are ascribed to Icelandic women. Our findings also highlight how national identity, such as being part of a gender equal society and the image of Iceland as a classless society, influences how healthcare professionals view migrant women. This underscores the importance of cultural reflexivity, and policies and scholarship where an intersectional understanding of gender, class and migrant worker status is at the forefront.

 

„Það var eins og ég væri svona glæpón, að ég væri að gera eitthvað hræðilegt af mér“: Óstýrilátar, gleðispillandi fatlaðar mæður

Freyja Haraldsdóttir, doktorsnemi, MVS, HÍ. Leiðbeinandi: Annadís G. Rúdólfsdóttir, dósent, MVS, HÍ

Í þessu erindi verður reynsla fatlaðra kvenna af móðurhlutverkinu skoðuð út frá hrifkenningum Söru Ahmed og þá einkum hugmyndum hennar um hlutverk hamingjunnar í vestrænum samfélögum. Um er að ræða fyrstu niðurstöður doktorsrannsóknar en tekið var eitt rýnihópaviðtal og 12 hálfopin einstaklingsviðtöl við fatlaðar og langveikar mæður með ólíkar skerðingar. Gögnin voru greind með þemagreiningu Braun og Clarke. Niðurstöður sýna fram á að þátttakendur í rannsókninni eru álitnar fara á svig við hamingjuhandritið (e. happiness script) er þær ákveða að eignast börn. Þær valdi öðrum óþægindum og spilli gleði (e. killjoy) enda gjarnan skilgreindar sem þiggjendur, eilífðarbörn og kynlausar, en ekki fullorðnar sjálfráða konur, kynverur, sem geta annast og elskað aðrar manneskjur. Í augum fjölskyldumeðlima, heilbrigðiskerfisins og samfélagsins eru þær álitnar óstýrilátar (e. willfull) fyrir að sætta sig ekki við barnleysi og þurfa að hafa mikið fyrir því að andæfa ableískum og normatífum hugmyndum um móðurhlutverkið, sérstaklega ef þær kjósa að eignast mörg börn. Þá eru þær gerðar tortryggilegar (e. to be in question), sérstaklega í augum félagsþjónustu og barnaverndarkerfisins, sem telja þær sjálfkrafa vanhæfar, framandi og óviðeigandi í móðurhlutverkinu; ógn við öryggi og velferð barna. Móðurhlutverkið veitir þátttakendum hamingju, sem þó samræmist ekki alltaf venjubundnum ableískum hugmyndum um hamingju fatlaðra kvenna, og hefur að mati þeirra valdeflandi áhrif á sjálfsskilning þeirra, líkamsmynd og fjölskyldulíf.

 

Immigrant Mothers in Icelandic Higher Education: Navigating Multiple Roles and Responsibilities

Cynthia Trililani, PhD student, SE, UI. Supervisor: Annadís G Rúdólfsdóttir, associate professor, SE, UI

This study uses an intersectionality approach to explore immigrant mothers’ experiences of managing multiple responsibilities while pursuing Higher Education (HE) in Icelandic universities. Women with children in HE are an interesting group as they have to navigate and balance motherhood, household chores, academia, work, and personal lives. With regard to immigrant mothers, we can neither assume that they have access to the same support networks as student mothers born in Iceland nor that they use the same knowledge frameworks to make sense of their experiences. We employ a qualitative methodology based on life story interviews with 16 immigrant mothers. The main findings suggest that immigrant mothers’ struggles of physical exhaustion, mental burden, time management, financial problems, and mothering insecurity are the result of traditional gender roles and gender inequality in childcare and household chores. However, immigrant mothers consciously negotiate their social positioning as the driving force to persist. This study enhances the understanding of how gender roles and social positionings impact academic progress and achievement. From an empirical perspective, this study contributes to the literature of intersectionality research in HE concerning student mothers of minority backgrounds.